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Friday, December 13, 2013

Because it's been a little while... Here's another Euler!

Project Eulers 7 and 8

Just a few more Euler’s left and I realized the other day how long it had been since I’d posted some answers! I’m also posting both 7 and 8 because really, problem 7 uses the prime library again, so the answer is really short and sweet.

So, first, here is the problem:
By listing the first six prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, and 13, we can see that the 6th prime is 13.

What is the 10 001st prime number?

First, here are the tests:

require 'problem7/problem7'

describe 'Prime number positions' do 
  it "is the 6th prime number" do 
    expect(Problem7.prime_place(6)).to eq 13

  it "is the 10001st prime number" do
    expect(Problem7.prime_place(10001)).to eq 104743


The tests and the code are pretty simple. You’re just using the resources in the prime library and then use the library to list (take) the numbers up until a certain position (ie- the 10,001st position) and then put the last number which is the answer to the question. So, here’s the code:
require 'prime'

module Problem7

        def self.prime_place(position)
          prime_place = Prime.take(position).last

  puts Prime.take(10001).last


And now for Euler 8. This problem was actually really tough for me for two reasons… first, it seemed different than most of the others I had done up until now and second, how the heck do you test this thing?!

Here’s the problem:
 Find the greatest product of five consecutive digits in the 1000-digit number.


So, first for the test. After asking around a bit, the best suggestion I got for testing was to break down the string and take 10 or 15 characters and figure out the largest product from that string and then do the same with the larger number.

Here are the tests:
require 'problem8/problem8'

describe 'largest products of consecutive numbers' do 
  it "is the largest product of 5 consective numbers" do 
    expect(Problem8.product(7316717653)).to eq 1764

  it "is the largest product of 5 consecutive numbers" do 
    expect(Problem8.product(7316717653133062491922511967442657474235534919493496983520312774506326239578318016984801869478851843858615607891129494954595017379583319528532088055111254069874715852386305071569329096329522744304355766896648950445244523161731856403098711121722383113622298934233803081353362766142828064444866452387493035890729629049156044077239071381051585930796086670172427121883998797908792274921901699720888093776657273330010533678812202354218097512545405947522435258490771167055601360483958644670632441572215539753697817977846174064955149290862569321978468622482839722413756570560574902614079729686524145351004748216637048440319989000889524345065854122758866688116427171479924442928230863465674813919123162824586178664583591245665294765456828489128831426076900422421902267105562632111110937054421750694165896040807198403850962455444362981230987879927244284909188845801561660979191338754992005240636899125607176060588611646710940507754100225698315520005593572972571636269561882670428252483600823257530420752963450)).to eq 40824

And so, here’s the solution. First, I created an empty array. Then I wanted to use .each_cons which takes every set of consecutive numbers based on the number of characters you ask for (in this case, it would be 5 because I’m looking for the largest product of 5 consecutive numbers) but .each_cons wouldn’t work because you can’t call .each_cons on a string. So, first, I had to separate the string into individual characters by using each_char. Once the string was separated into each_char (each character) I used the map method to make each of the string characters into an array of integers. Then, I used each_cons(5) which separated the array of integers into arrays of every five characters. The I took the product of each of those integers and pushed it into an array. Finally, the max is called on that array which gives the largest number needed for the answer.
module Problem8
  def self.product
    arr = []

    "530420752963450" { |a| p arr << a.reduce(:*) }     
    puts arr.max 

Phew! Look forward to the last two Eulers, 9 and 10, which I’ll hopefully get to post soon.

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